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State Article V Convention Applications By Amendment Subject

To the General Public: Below is a very long, detailed explanation of "Same Subject" which you probably don't care about. The basic idea of this page is to show applications can be grouped (or not grouped) however you wish so that you either have a convention call or you don't. For this reason "same subject" is not the basis for a convention call. If you just want to look at our groupings, click this link and skip the details.



Introduction

While the legal and constitutional evidence is overwhelming that applications submitted by the states for an Article V Convention call are to be counted by a simple numeric count of applying states with no other terms or conditions, some believe Congress must first "aggregate"  state applications by amendment subject matter within the application before it is obligated to call a convention. Thus, according to this theory, if Congress determines an insufficient number of applications on a specific amendment subject exist, Congress is not obligated to call a convention. This theory has never been tested in court. It is not supported by any legal or constitutional evidence either from the 1787 Convention, discussion by the Founders, discussion in Congress or by Supreme Court rulings. Despite the clear and unambiguous language of Article V ("Congress...shall call a convention to propose amendments on the application of two thirds of the several state legislatures) this  theory holds Congress has the authority to refuse to call a convention unless conditions Congress defines and controls are satisfied. In sum, "same subject" advocates believe Congress has the right to veto the Constitution.

Another issue brought to light by this list of "same subject" applications is multiple amendment subjects have reached the required two thirds threshold. Thus, if "same subject" were a valid theory it presents the dichotomy (not present in numeric count) of forcing a choice between different amendment subjects all of which have equal constitutional right to convention consideration. Under "same subject" theory only one "subject" is considered by the convention. In the present situation this would mean holding four individual conventions each of which would consider one amendment subject or denying applications for three amendment subjects in order to hold only ONE convention. In either scenario constitutional, legal as well as political issues arise. None of this exists in the numeric count process. Further discussion of same subject convention can be found here.

As discussed elsewhere in this site, the Founders made it clear a convention call is "peremptory" on Congress. Congress therefore cannot refuse to call if the numeric count standard of Article V is satisfied. This evidence of this fact is supported by historic evidence from the 1787 Convention, official acts of Congress and Supreme Court rulings The word "peremptory" means Congress has no option regarding a convention call. Under no circumstances can Congress refuse to call the convention if two thirds of the states apply. However "same subject" provides an option allowing Congress not to call a convention.This presents a conflict between the intent of the Founders as expressed in Article V and those who do not support the Constitution. Either a call is peremptory meaning Congress  counts the number of applying states and must call based on that numeric count regardless of any subject matter within the applications or a convention call is not peremptory meaning Congress can attach whatever conditions it desires (such as "same subject") in order to refuse to call. Between these two propositions there is no middle ground. The question is resolved by the fact the congressional public record absolutely shows Congress believes a convention call is based on a numeric count of applying states with no terms or conditions.  See: www.foavc.org/reference/1930.pdf and www.foavc.org/reference/05051789.pdf .

The official public record entirely supports the peremptory numeric count position. The "same amendment subject" position has no official public record support and thus is invalid. Nevertheless for the purpose of information only, FOAVC has gathered state applications into a "same subject" amendment list.  As  "same amendment subject" is an invalid standard it is entirely correct (as Congress would do if such power existed) for whomever creates a "same subject" list to establish whatever rules that individual (or Congress) desires. (This fact is the reason the Founders did not allow "same subject" to be the standard of a convention call as such discretion would allow Congress the ability to thwart a convention call by the states by establishing whatever terms it desired that would DEFEAT a convention call rather than FACILITATE it). What "same subject" advocates ignore is the applications by the states are intended for a convention not Congress to act upon. Thus any subject matter in an application is intended for the convention to discuss and act on, not Congress.

The Rules of "Same Subject" Applications

Some applications submitted by the states contain no amendment subject but instead only ask Congress call a convention. These are usually referred to as "general" applications in order to distinguish them from "same subject" applications. FOAVC believes all "general" applications must be included in any list of "same subject" applications in order to arrive at the correct total number of state applications for that amendment subject. The reason is as "general" state application are non-specific they apply to all conventions including any convention intended to only discuss a specific amendment subject. (For the purpose of this list FOAVC ignores the fact the Constitution authorizes a "convention for proposing amendments" which automatically precludes state applications limiting a convention to a single amendment subject thus creating a "convention for proposing amendment"). The only exception to this rule is a "general" application must be excluded if a state has applied with a "same subject" amendment application for that particular subject. Next, the earliest or oldest application on a particular amendment subject from a particular state must be the application used in the list as "same subject" like numeric count only requires ONE application from each state in order to "count." Both modes of counting (numeric and "same subject") still require two thirds of the states to apply. However the exact number of applying states required is dependent on the number of states in the Union at the time of the triggering application, that is the final state application which causes the list of states to meet or exceed the two thirds mark established in Article V.

Another untested, unsupported theory regarding counting applications is referred to as the "contemporaneous" theory. Some "same subject" advocates also argue applications also have a contemporary limit either because the state attaches one in the language of the application or because Congress can attach such limit. The "contemporaneous" limit theory asserts applications must be submitted to Congress within an undefined time period in order to "count." There is even less evidence to support this than than exists for "same subject" amendment application, meaning there is precisely no evidence to support it. The reason all applications remain valid despite any application language is the applications are all peremptory. That legal term automatically excludes any condition or term such as a contemporary limit or subject matter from having any effect on the intent of the application which is cause a convention call. An required act cannot be considered "peremptory" if a term or condition exists whereby the party who is required to perform the "peremptory" act has a means by which it can refuse to do so. As the call is "peremptory" no term or condition can exist allowing Congress the option not to call. Thus the fact the applications are peremptory precludes "same subject", "contemporaneous" or any other excuse that allows Congress to refuse to call when the states have applied. Second, Congress has never taken any official action on any application except to "table" them. This term refers to a parliamentary procedure in which any issue that is "tabled" remains in a state of suspended animation until it is "taken off the table." According to parliamentary rules regardless of how much actual time has passed the matter when finally "taken off the table" is considered as just having been introduced. Hence, regardless of any language in the application the application has no time limit. Finally, Article V does not establish a time limit on applications meaning they are all considered constitutionally contemporaneous. The reason for this is if there were a time limit on applications, Congress would simply stall until the time limit was exceeded then refuse to call on that basis.

"Same subject" advocates all believe applications can be "rescinded" by the states at their discretion. However rulings by the Supreme Court, federal law and the fact the call is "peremptory" refute this. (Many "same subject" advocates state Congress must call a convention implying they believe a call is peremptory but then illogically cite the condition of "same subject" thus allowing Congress to refuse to call meaning they believe the call is not "peremptory"). As the Supreme Court, Congress and the Founders have all stated a call is "peremptory" FOAVC believes the rules of "same subject" amendment require so called "rescissions" by the state legislatures be disregarded whether tabulation is done whether by the proper method of numeric count or by the dubious "same subject" amendment method. The Supreme Court ruled in Hawke v Smith, 253 U.S. 221 (1920) that states operate under the FEDERAL Constitution when involved in the amendment process of Article V. Therefore, the terms of Article V are absolute and binding on all the states. In United States v Sprague, 282 U.S. 716 (1931) the Supreme Court determined no "rules of construction, interpolation or addition" are permitted regarding Article V. This judicial ruling thus disposes of the "same subject" argument as its use would be an "addition" to Article V. As Article V does not permit so-called "rescissions" of applications, such "rescissions" are clearly unconstitutional. "Rescission" is simply another word for "nullification" a a discredited legal theory which holds states have the right to nullify federal records (or laws) at their discretion. The Supreme Court has utterly rejected this proposition on several occasions. (As the states have asked as one of their amendment subjects, the right to nullify federal law and records, it is obvious even nullification proponents concede there is no such state authority).  In sum, as with all federal records, states do not have the authority to nullify any application once it is submitted to Congress as the applications become property of Congress. This position was affirmed on December 3, 2015 when  the NARA Archivist  declared all applications the property of Congress and therefore federal records. See: www.foavc.org/reference/file77.pdf). Thus so-called rescissions are not included in the tabulation of "same subject" amendment applications as they have no legal effect on the count of applications.
Further discussion of rescissions can be found here.

As the record of state applications is incomplete some of the applications listed by FOAVC are based on information from resources not yet verified by entries in the Congressional Record. Where these unverified references refer to an amendment subject  for the particular application, those applications are listed under the appropriate subject and are noted by a subscript. Where necessary and available subsequent verified applications shall be listed along side the earlier application. This is entirely proper as the entire process of "same subject" is entirely invalid in its entirety. Indeed as the evidence below shows the "same subject" advocates don't even believe in their own theory as several subjects reached the two thirds mark decades ago. If those advocates actually believed in their theory they would have been demanding a convention call for years based on that evidence as it would have allowed them to advance the particular amendment subject they favored. Instead these advocates continue to seek new applications from the states even after they have achieved their goal of two thirds "same subject" applications from the states.

As a convention is a "convention for proposing amendments" rather than "amendment" it is clear the Constitution grants a convention the authority to propose "amendments." This is the final and most damaging argument against "same subject" advocates who believe the subject matter of the applications limit what can be discussed or proposed at a convention. It is clear the term "proposing amendments" which also is used to described Congress' power of amendment proposal means either body may discuss and propose multiple amendments even those which are proposed by individuals within the particular body regardless of whether a particular subject is contained in an application or has received two thirds support from the states in the form of submitted applications. That said, however, it is also clear any proposal must receive at least two thirds support from the body (in the case of a convention this means support by two thirds of the state delegations present assuming a quorum) as well as three fourths ratification support from the states. Without massive political support this is impossible. Therefore it is nearly impossible that an amendment subject which has not garnered massive political support prior to a convention will obtain the necessary support during the convention to pass let alone be ratified.

Finally, only applications which show the actual text of the application or refer to a specific amendment subject (absent text) or clearly indicate the application is general in nature (such as the application requests amendments rather than a single amendment) are used in this list. Generally this means the use of Senate applications as the House usually does not publish application texts in their entirety. As the record keeping of Congress has been, at best, chaotic, actual count by amendment subject is dubious unlike the numeric count which only requires proof of application by a particular state. Thus the FOAVC list of applying states from which this list of subject applications is taken is absolutely accurate as it shows 49 states have submitted applications. Therefore Congress must call a convention as 49 states have submitted applications for a convention call which exceeds the two thirds standard set by Article V. Indeed the record shows based on numeric count, the states have met this standard on several occasions meaning Congress is obligated to call several conventions. However a same subject list does has it uses. This list will be needed by a convention. The convention must know what amendment subjects are on its agenda. The convention needs to know what proposed texts the states have advanced for convention consideration and possible approval. As the record keeping of state applications by Congress is chaotic, clearly a solution is required. Congress needs an accurate record so that it can legally and correctly call a convention when required. Thus, a federal law requiring compilation of the actual text of the applications which can then be electronically generated into a list of applying states and a list of amendment subjects will be the ultimate solution to this issue.


"General" Applications Submitted by the States For A Convention Call

The following states have submitted "general applications" for a convention call which is defined as an application submitted by a state for a convention call with no specific amendment subject included in the application. Under the rules of "same subject amendment" such applications must be added to any list of applications of states for any specific amendment subject as it is clear such "general" applications are requesting a convention call for ALL amendment subjects. This has been done by adding the "general" applications into the specific subject lists at the appropriate date of the general application. In this way it is easy to see exactly when (or if) two thirds applications on the same amendment subject has been reached.

  1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
  2. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
  3. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX (general)
  4. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
  5. CR 045   Pg 07116  Yr 1910-MO (general)
  6. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
  7. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
  8. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)


State Article V Applications Listed by Amendment Subject:


Repeal of Federal Income Tax
  1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
  2. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX (general)
  3. CR 045   Pg 07116  Yr 1910-MO (general)
  4. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
  5. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
  6. CR 084   Pg 02509  Yr 1939-WY-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 02510)
  7. CR 084   Pg 03320  Yr 1939-MD-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  8. CR 086   Pg 03407  Yr 1940-RI-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  9. CR 087   Pg 03172  Yr 1941-IA-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  10. CR 087   Pg 03370  Yr 1941-ME-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 03371)
  11. CR 087   Pg 03812  Yr 1941-MA-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 03813)
  12. CR 087   Pg 04537  Yr 1941-MI-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  13. CR 089   Pg 03761  Yr 1943-NH-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 03762)
  14. CR 089   Pg 04017  Yr 1943-DE-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  15. CR 089   Pg 07523  Yr 1943-AL-Repeal of 16th Amendment  (continued to: Page 07524)
  16. CR 089   Pg 07524  Yr 1943-WI-Repeal of 16th Amendment 
  17. CR 089   Pg 08220  Yr 1943-PA-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  18. CR 090   Pg 04040  Yr 1944-KY-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 04041)
  19. CR 090   Pg 06141  Yr 1944-NJ-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  20. CR 095   Pg 07893  Yr 1949-NE-Repeal of 16th Amendment, Limited Federal Taxation (continued to: Page 07894)
  21. CR 097   Pg 02936  Yr 1951-KS-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  22. CR 097   Pg 05155  Yr 1951-FL-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 05156)
  23. CR 098   Pg 00742  Yr 1952-AR-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  24. CR 098   Pg 00742  Yr 1952-IL-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 00743)
  25. CR 098   Pg 00947  Yr 1952-UT-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  26. CR 098   Pg 00947  Yr 1952-NM-Repeal of 16th Amendment, Limited Federal Taxation (continued to: Page 00948)
  27. CR 098   Pg 01056  Yr 1952-IN-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 01057)
  28. CR 098   Pg 01225  Yr 1952-GA-Repeal of 16th Amendment
  29. CR 098   Pg 01496  Yr 1952-VA-Repeal of 16th Amendment  
  30. CR 099   Pg 00320  Yr 1953-LA-Repeal of 16th Amendment (continued to: Page 000321)
  31. CR 106   Pg 10749  Yr 1960-NV-Repeal of 16th Amendment, Limitation on Federal Enterprises
  32. CR 108   Pg 05051  Yr 1962-SC-Repeal of 16th Amendment, Limitation on Federal Enterprises
  33. CR 109   Pg 07060  Yr 1963-CO-Limitation on Taxation (repeal of 16th Amendment as currently written)
  34. CR 135   Pg 05895  Yr 1989-ID-Limited Federal Taxation (repeal of 16th Amendment as currently written)
    Total Number of Applying States: 34--Convention Call Required.  Year Required: 1989

    Balanced Budget

    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    3. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    4. CR 101   Pg 08397  Yr 1955-OK-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 08398)
    5. CR 103   Pg 06475  Yr 1957-IN-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 06476)
    6. CR 107   Pg 02759  Yr 1961-WY-Balanced Budget
    7. CR 119   Pg 08091  Yr 1973-VA-Balanced Budget
    8. CR 121   Pg 05793  Yr 1975-AR-Balanced Budget
    9. CR 121   Pg 12175  Yr 1975-MS-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 12176)
    10. CR 121   Pg 25312  Yr 1975-LA-Balanced Budget
    11. CR 121   Pg 28347  Yr 1975-AL-Balanced Budget
    12. CR 122   Pg ?????   Yr 1975-FL-Balanced Budget; 3 See also: CRS_S5563_Yr_2014; CRS_S5564_Yr_2014
    13. North Dakota--Balanced Budget 1975; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1978/Memorial-197801-ND.pdf; (Passed by legislature 1975; shows received by House in 1978)
    14. Louisiana--Balanced Budget; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1975/Memorial-197501-LA.pdf
    15. CR 122   Pg 02740  Yr 1976-GA-Balanced Budget
    16. CR 122   Pg 04329  Yr 1976-DE-Balanced Budget
    17. CR 122   Pg 04329  Yr 1976-SC-Balanced Budget
    18. New Mexico--Balanced Budget 1976; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1976/Memorial-197601-NM.pdf
    19. CR 123   Pg 02545  Yr 1977-MD-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 02546)
    20. CR 123   Pg 18419  Yr 1977-TN-Balanced Budget
    21. CR 123   Pg 18873  Yr 1977-AZ-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 18874)
    22. CR 123   Pg 20659  Yr 1977-NH-Balanced Budget
    23. CR 124   Pg 14193  Yr 1978-KS-Balanced Budget; See also: CR 124   Pg 14584  Yr 1978-KS-Balanced Budget; See also: CRH_H10711_Yr_2015-KS (two entries); (received by House in 2016): http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2016/Memorial-201601-KS.pdf
    24. CR 125   Pg 00134  Yr 1979-TX-Balanced Budget
    25. CR 125   Pg 02109  Yr 1979-CO-Balanced Budget
    26. CR 125   Pg 02112  Yr 1979-NE-Balanced Budget
    27. CR 125   Pg 02112  Yr 1979-NV-Balanced Budget
    28. CR 125   Pg 02113  Yr 1979-OR-Balanced Budget
    29. CR 125   Pg 02113  Yr 1979-PA-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 02114)
    30. CR 125   Pg 03007  Yr 1979-NC-Balanced Budget
    31. CR 125   Pg 03427  Yr 1979-SD-Balanced Budget
    32. CRS_125_S03657_Yr_1979-ID-Balanced Budget; See also: CRH_125_H03522_Yr_1979; http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1982/Memorial-198201-ID.pdf  (House Judiciary Committee states application received in 1982; Senate record shows receipt in 1979)
    33. CR 125   Pg 04071  Yr 1979-UT-Balanced Budget
    34. CR 125   Pg 11583  Yr 1979-WA-Balanced Budget (continued to: Page 11584)
    35. CR 125   Pg 15227  Yr 1979-IA-Balanced Budget 
    36. CRH_128_H00798_Yr_1982-AK-Balanced Budget; See also:  http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1982/Memorial-198201-AK.pdf
    37. CRS_129_S20352_Yr_1983-MO-Balanced Budget; See also: CRH_129_H18473_Yr_1983; http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1984/Memorial-198401-MO.pdf; (House Judiciary Committee states application received in 1984; Senate record shows receipt in 1983)
    38. New Hampshire (May 16, 2012)-Balanced Budget: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2016/Memorial-201601-NH.pdf Note: Application listed as received in 2016 in House Clerk's list
    39. CRS_S1174_Yr_2014-OH-Balanced Budget See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2014/Memorial-201401-OH.pdf
    40. CRH_H7887_Yr_2014-MI-Balanced Budget; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2014/Memorial-201401-MI.pdf
    41. CRH_H176_Yr_2016-MN-Balanced Budget; See also: CRH_H331_Yr_2016-MN
    42. CRH_H1944_Yr_2016-PA-Balanced Budget (?); See also: CRH_H3458_Yr_2016
    43. CRH_H3502_Yr_2016-OK-Balanced Budget; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2016/Memorial-201601-OK.pdf
    44. CRS_S5277_Yr_2016-WV-Balanced Budget Budget (Printed twice in the Senate Record as POM-201 and POM 202); See also: CRH_H5161_Yr_2016 (continued CRH_H5162_Yr_2016)
    Total Number of Applying States: 44--Convention Call Required.  Year Required: 1979


    Apportionment


    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    3. CR 109   Pg 01172  Yr 1963-OK-Apportionment (continued to: Page 01173)
    4. CR 109   Pg 02281  Yr 1963-ID-Apportionment
    5. CR 109   Pg 02769  Yr 1963-AR-Apportionment
    6. CR 109   Pg 02769  Yr 1963-KS-Apportionment
    7. CR 109   Pg 03854  Yr 1963-MT-Apportionment
    8. CR 109   Pg 04779  Yr 1963-WY-Apportionment
    9. CR 109   Pg 05867  Yr 1963-WA-Apportionment
    10. CR 109   Pg 05868  Yr 1963-MO-Apportionment
    11. CR 109   Pg 09942  Yr 1963-NV-Apportionment
    12. CR 109   Pg 10441  Yr 1963-SC-Apportionment
    13. CR 109   Pg 11530  Yr 1963-TX-Apportionment
    14. CR 109   Pg 14639  Yr 1963-SD-Apportionment
    15. CR 110   Pg 05659  Yr 1964-VA-Apportionment
    16. CR 111   Pg 03061  Yr 1965-AZ-Apportionment
    17. CR 111   Pg 03722  Yr 1965-AL-Apportionment
    18. CR 111   Pg 04320  Yr 1965-UT-Apportionment
    19. CR 111   Pg 05820  Yr 1965-MD-Apportionment
    20. CR 111   Pg 10673  Yr 1965-NC-Apportionment
    21. CR 111   Pg 10673  Yr 1965-MN-Apportionment
    22. CR 111   Pg 12110  Yr 1965-LA-Apportionment
    23. CR 111   Pg 12853  Yr 1965-NH-Apportionment
    24. CR 111   Pg 14163  Yr 1965-FL-Apportionment
    25. CR 111   Pg 15769  Yr 1965-MS-Apportionment (continued to: Page 15770)
    26. CR 111   Pg 19379  Yr 1965-IL-Apportionment
    27. CR 111   Pg 24723  Yr 1965-NE-Apportionment
    28. CR 111   Pg 26073  Yr 1965-KY-Apportionment (continued to: Page 26074)
    29. CR 112   Pg 00199  Yr 1966-NM-Apportionment
    30. CR 112   Pg 00199  Yr 1966-TN-Apportionment (continued to: Page 00200)
    31. CR 113   Pg 06384  Yr 1967-IN-Apportionment
    32. CR 113   Pg 11175  Yr 1967-ND-Apportionment
    33. CR 115   Pg 12249  Yr 1969-IA-Apportionment
    34. CR 124   Pg 01662  Yr 1978-DE-Apportionment; See also: CR 124   Pg 01292  Yr 1978; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1978/Memorial-197801-DE.pdf
    Total Number of Applying States: 34--Convention Call Required. Year Required: 1978


    Direct Election of Senators


    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
    3. CR 024   Pg 01603  Yr 1893-NE-Direct Election of Senators
    4. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX-General Call for an Article V Convention 
    5. CR 033   Pg 00930  Yr 1900-PA-Direct Election of Senators
    6. CR 034   Pg 02560  Yr 1901-MN-Direct Election of Senators
    7. CR 035   Pg 00112  Yr 1901-NV-Direct Election of Senators
    8. CR 035   Pg 00117  Yr 1901-MI-Direct Election of Senators
    9. CR 035   Pg 00117  Yr 1901-OR-Direct Election of Senators
    10. CR 035   Pg 00208  Yr 1901-MT-Direct Election of Senators (continued to: Page 00209)
    11. CR 035   Pg 02344  Yr 1902-TN-Direct Election of Senators
    12. CR 037   Pg 00276  Yr 1903-WI-Direct Election of Senators
    13. CR 038   Pg 04959  Yr 1904-IA-Direct Election of Senators
    14. CR 040   Pg 00138  Yr 1905-MO-Direct Election of Senators
    15. CR 041   Pg 02497  Yr 1907-SD-Direct Election of Senators
    16. CR 042   Pg 00164  Yr 1907-IL-Direct Election of Senators
    17. CR 042   Pg 00164  Yr 1907-NJ-Direct Election of Senators
    18. CR 042   Pg 00894  Yr 1908-OK-Direct Election of Senators
    19. CR 042   Pg 00895  Yr 1908-NV-Direct Election of Senators
    20. CR 042   Pg 05906  Yr 1908-LA-Direct Election of Senators
    21. CR 045   Pg 07113  Yr 1910-AR-Direct Election of Senators
    22. CR 045   Pg 07113  Yr 1910-CA-Direct Election of Senators
    23. CR 045   Pg 07113  Yr 1910-CO-Direct Election of Senators
    24. CR 045   Pg 07114  Yr 1910-ID-Direct Election of Senators
    25. CR 045   Pg 07114  Yr 1910-IN-Direct Election of Senators
    26. CR 045   Pg 07115  Yr 1910-KY-Direct Election of Senators
    27. CR 045   Pg 07115  Yr 1910-KS-Direct Election of Senators
    28. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-NC-Direct Election of Senators
    29. CR 045   Pg 07119  Yr 1910-UT-Direct Election of Senators
    30. CR 045   Pg 07119  Yr 1910-WA-Direct Election of Senators
    31. CR 046   Pg 04280  Yr 1911-ME-Direct Election of Senators 
    Total Number of Applying States: 31--Convention Call Required. Year Required: 1911
    (Article V mandates a convention call if two thirds of the states in the Union at the time of the triggering application apply. In 1911 there were 46 states in the Union. Two thirds of 46 is 30.666 or 31 states. The fact Congress proposed its own amendment does not relieve Congress of its obligation to call a convention "on the application" of two thirds of the several state legislatures).


    Right To Life
    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
    3. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX (general)
    4. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    5. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    6. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    7. CR 121   Pg 12867  Yr 1975-MO-Right to Life
    8. CR 122   Pg 23550  Yr 1976-LA-Right to Life
    9. CR 123   Pg 04797  Yr 1977-IN-Right to Life
    10. CR 123   Pg 10481  Yr 1977-NJ-Right to Life
    11. CR 123   Pg 11048  Yr 1977-SD-Right to Life
    12. CR 123   Pg 13057  Yr 1977-UT-Right to Life (continued to: Page 13058)
    13. CR 123   Pg 15808  Yr 1977-AR-Right to Life (continued to: Page 15809)
    14. CR 123   Pg 15809  Yr 1977-RI-Right to Life
    15. CR 123   Pg 20659  Yr 1977-MA-Right to Life; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1977/Memorial-197701-MA.pdf
    16. CR 124   Pg 11103  Yr 1978-PA-Right to Life
    17. CR 124   Pg 12215  Yr 1978-NE-Right to Life
    18. CR 124   Pg 17055  Yr 1978-DE-Right to Life
    19. Kentucky (March 31, 1978)-Right to Life; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1978/Memorial-197801-KY.pdf
    20. CR 125   Pg 03196  Yr 1979-MS-Right to Life
    21. CR 125   Pg 04372  Yr 1979-GA-Right to Life
    22. CR 125   Pg 16350  Yr 1979-NV-Right to Life
    23. CR 126   Pg 06172  Yr 1980-ID-Right to Life
    24. CR 126   Pg 08972  Yr 1980-OK-Right to Life   
    25. CR 126   Pg 09765  Yr 1980-TN-Right to Life 
    26. CR 126   Pg 10650  Yr 1980-AL-Right to Life
    27. CR 127   Pg 07514  Yr 1981-ND-Right to Life
    Total Number of Applying States: 27--Convention Call Not Required.

    Slavery Amendments

    As applications concerning slavery are very old and consequently difficult to locate in the congressional records meaning many of the applications have yet to be located, they will simply be listed a group in this section. It is obvious by their small number even including the general amendments that no convention was required as a result of their submissions.

    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
    3. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX (general)
    4. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    5. CR 045   Pg 07116  Yr 1910-MO (general)
    6. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
    7. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    8. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    9. CG 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1860-DE-Slavery 1
    10. CG 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1860-AR-Slavery 1
    11. CG 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1860-TN-Slavery 1
    12. CG 036   Pg 00680  Yr 1861-NJ-Slavery
    13. CG 037   Pg 00773  Yr 1861-KY-Slavery (See also Senate message Page 751)
    14. CG 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1861-NJ-Slavery 1
    15. CG_S1465_YR_1861-IN-Slavery (continued to Page 1466)
    16. CG 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1861-IL-Slavery 1
    17. CG 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1861-OH-Slavery 1   
    18. CG 036   Pg 01270  Yr 1861-KY-Slavery
    19. CR 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1864-OR-Peaceful Resolution to Civil War 1
    20. CR 0??   Pg ?????   Yr 1867-NC-Reducing Effects of Emancipation 1
    Total Number of Applying States: 20--Convention Call Not Required.

    Mode of Amendment
    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    3. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    4. CR 099   Pg 09180  Yr 1953-SD-Mode of Amendment (continued to: Page 09181)
    5. CR 099   Pg 09864  Yr 1953-IL-Mode of Amendment
    6. CR 101   Pg 02770  Yr 1955-TX-Mode of Amendment (continued to: Page 02771)
    7. CR 102   Pg 07240  Yr 1956-MI-Mode of Amendment (continued to: Page 07241)
    8. CR 103   Pg 04831  Yr 1957-ID-Mode of Amendment (continued to: Page 04832)
    9. CR 103   Pg 06471  Yr 1957-IN-Mode of Amendment (continued to: Page 06472)
    10. CR 109   Pg 01172  Yr 1963-OK-Mode of Amendment
    11. CR 109   Pg 02072  Yr 1963-FL-Mode of amendment
    12. CR 109   Pg 02768  Yr 1963-AR-Mode of Amendment
    13. CR 109   Pg 02769  Yr 1963-KS-Mode of Amendment
    14. CR 109   Pg 04779  Yr 1963-WY-Mode of Amendment
    15. CR 109   Pg 05868  Yr 1963-MO-Mode of Amendment
    16. CR 109   Pg 10441  Yr 1963-SC-Mode of Amendment
    17. CR 111   Pg 00880  Yr 1965-VA-Mode of Amendment
    18. CRH_H3869_Yr_2012-ND-Mode of Amendment (See also: CRH_H3910_Yr_2012, CRH_H3805_Yr_2012) (See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2012/Memorial-201202-ND.pdf)
    Total Number of Applying States: 18--Convention Call Not Required.

    Anti-Polygamy

    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
    3. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX (general)
    4. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    5. CR 045   Pg 07116  Yr 1910-MO (general)
    6. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
    7. CR 041   Pg 03011  Yr 1907-DE-Anti-Polygamy
    8. CR 043   Pg 02670  Yr 1909-SD-Anti-Polygamy
    9. CR 046   Pg 00651  Yr 1911-WA-Anti-Polygamy
    10. CR 047   Pg 00098  Yr 1911-MT-Anti-Polygamy (continued to: Page 00099)
    11. CR 047   Pg 00099  Yr 1911-NE-Anti-Polygamy
    12. CR 047   Pg 00187  Yr 1911-TN-Anti-Polygamy
    13. CR 047   Pg 00660  Yr 1911-OH-Anti-Polygamy (continued to: Page 00661)
    14. CR 049   Pg 02463  Yr 1913-OR-Anti-Polygamy
    15. CR 049   Pg 02464  Yr 1913-VT-Anti-Polygamy
    16. CR 050   Pg 00042  Yr 1913-WI-Anti-Polygamy (continued to: Page 00043)
    17. CR 050   Pg 00120  Yr 1913-IL-Anti-Polygamy (continued to: Page 00121)
    18. CR 050   Pg 02290  Yr 1913-MI-Anti-Polygamy
    19. CR 053   Pg 002442  Yr 1916-SC-Anti-Polygamy
    Total Number of Applying States: 19--Convention Call Not Required.

    Regulation of the Federal Judiciary
    Over the years the states have submitted various application subjects with the same general theme: regulation of the federal judiciary in some manner such as term limits, review of court rulings and so forth. As these applications address a specific article of the Constitution FOAVC believes the applications are close enough in general intent to warrant aggregation into the single topic of Regulation of the Federal Judiciary. In sum, like the 14th Amendment, a single amendment addressing all subjects of this topic could be composed by a convention.
    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
    3. CR 033   Pg 00219  Yr 1899-TX (general)
    4. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    5. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
    6. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    7. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    8. CR 050   Pg 02428  Yr 1913-MO-Manner of Determining Constitutionality of State Enactments
    9. CR 103   Pg 10863  Yr 1957-AL-Selection of Federal Judges and Judicial Term-Limits; See also: CR 109   Pg 05250  Yr 1963-AL-Court of the Union
    10. CR 103   Pg 12787  Yr 1957-FL-Senate as Appellate Court for Supreme Court Rulings; See also: CR 109   Pg 02071  Yr 1963-FL-Court of the Union (continued to: Page 02072)
    11. CR 107   Pg 02154  Yr 1961-AR-State Legislative Review of Supreme Court Rulings
    12. CR 107   Pg 04715  Yr 1961-GA-State Legislative Review of Supreme Court Rulings; See also: CR 107   Pg 04454  Yr 1961
    13. CR 109   Pg 04778  Yr 1963-WY-Court of the Union (continued to: Page 04779
    14. CR 109   Pg 10441  Yr 1963-SC-Court of the Union (continued to: Page 10442)
    15. CR 123   Pg 18419  Yr 1977-TN-Limited Judicial Terms
    16. CR 124   Pg 01662  Yr 1978-DE-Judicial Term Limits; See also: CR 124   Pg 01292  Yr 1978; http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1978/Memorial-197801-DE.pdf
    Total Number of Applying States: 16--Convention Call Not Required.

    Federal Regulation of State Schools
    As the states have submitted numerous applications over the years all dealing with the general subject of federal regulation of state schools, FOAVC believes it is proper to aggregate these applications into a single topic Federal Regulation of State Schools. In sum, like the 14th Amendment, a single amendment addressing all subjects of this topic could be composed by a convention.
    1. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    2. CR 045   Pg 07116  Yr 1910-MO (general)
    3. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    4. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    5. CR 101   Pg 02086  Yr 1955-GA-Exclusive Power for States to Regulate and Operate State Schools (continued to: Page 02087)
    6. CR 110   Pg 07616  Yr 1964-MA-Reading of Bible in school; See also: CR 117   Pg 30905  Yr 1971-MA-Financial aid to Private Schools; CR 119   Pg 12408  Yr 1973-MA-Secular School Funding (continued to: Page 12409);CR 122   Pg 09735  Yr 1976-MA-Attendance at Public Schools
    7. CR 111   Pg 00164  Yr 1965-LA-Exclusive Power for States to Regulate and Operate State Schools (continued to: Page 00165); See also:CR 116   Pg 05479  Yr 1970-LA-Attendance at Public Schools
    8. CR 111   Pg 03304  Yr 1965-SC-Exclusive Power for States to Regulate and Operate State Schools
    9. CR 116   Pg 06097  Yr 1970-MS-Attendance at Public Schools; See also:CR 119   Pg 08689  Yr 1973-MS-School Prayer
    10. CR 116   Pg 06877  Yr 1970-TN-Attendance at Public Schools
    11. CR 117   Pg 41598  Yr 1971-MI-Attendance at Public Schools (continued to: Page 41599)
    12. CR 118   Pg 11445  Yr 1972-AZ-School Prayer
    13. CR 118   Pg 33047  Yr 1972-NY-Financial aid to Private Schools (continued to: Page 33048)
    14. CR 119   Pg 10675  Yr 1973-VA-Attendance at Public Schools
    15. CR_119_Pg_11446_Yr_1973- NJ-Voluntary School Prayer
    16. CR 119   Pg 11515  Yr 1973-TX-Attendance at Public Schools; See also:CR 119   Pg 12409  Yr 1973-TX-Secular School Funding 
    17. CR 119   Pg 14421  Yr 1973-MD-School Prayer 
    18. CR 119   Pg 14428  Yr 1973-OK-Attendance at Public Schools
    19. CR 119   Pg 17022  Yr 1973-NV-Attendance at Public Schools (continued to: Page 17023)
    20. CR 119   Pg 18190  Yr 1973-NH-School Prayer
    21. CR 121   Pg 27821  Yr 1975-KY-Attendance at Public Schools 
    Total Number of Applying States: 21--Convention Call Not Required.
    Presidential Electors
    1. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    2. CR 045   Pg 07116  Yr 1910-MO (general)
    3. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
    4. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    5. CR 103   Pg 06473  Yr 1957-IN-Presidential Electors
    6. CR 109   Pg 02769  Yr 1963-AR-Presidential Electors
    7. CR 109   Pg 03982  Yr 1963-SD-Presidential Electors
    8. CR 109   Pg 04469  Yr 1963-MT-Presidential Electors
    9. CR 109   Pg 05947  Yr 1963-UT-Presidential Electors
    10. CR 109   Pg 06659  Yr 1963-CO-Presidential Electors
    11. CR 109   Pg 11852  Yr 1963-TX-Presidential electors (continued to: Page 11853)
    12. CR 109   Pg 14808  Yr 1963-WI-Presidential Electors
    13. CR 111   Pg 11802  Yr 1965-OK-Presidential Electors (continued to: Page 11803)
    14. CR 111   Pg 20839  Yr 1965-NE-Presidential Electors (continued to: Page 20840)
    15. Illinois--Electoral College; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1967/Memorial-196701-IL.pdf
    16. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    17. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00257  Yr 1789-VA (general)
    Total Number of Applying States: 17--Convention Call Not Required.
    General Taxation Issues

    As a multitude of state applications address the general topic of taxation, FOAVC believes these applications should be aggregated into the single topic of general taxation issues.
    1. General Annals of Congress 1 (J. Gales Ed.)  Pg 00029  Yr 1789-NY (general)
    2. CR 041   Pg 03072  Yr 1907-KS (general)
    3. CR 045   Pg 07117  Yr 1910-OK(general)
    4. CR 046   Pg 02411  Yr 1911-MT(general)
    5. CR 047   Pg 01842  Yr 1911-WI (general)
    6. CR 079   Pg 10814  Yr 1931-CA-Taxation of Government Securities; See also: CR 098   Pg 04003  Yr 1952-CA-Motor Vehicle Taxes Directed to States (continued to: Page 04004)
    7. CR 089   Pg 08220  Yr 1943-PA-Unconditional Federal Public Funds
    8. CR 097   Pg 06033  Yr 1951-ME-Limited Federal Taxation (continue to: Page 06034)
    9. CR 097   Pg 10716  Yr 1951-NH-Limited Federal Taxation (continued to: Page 10717)
    10. CR 097   Pg 10973  Yr 1951-KY-Limited Federal Taxation
    11. CR 098   Pg 00742  Yr 1952-AR-Limited Federal Taxation
    12. CR 104   Pg 08085  Yr 1958-CT-Taxation of Income of Resident of One State by Another State (continued to: Page 8086)
    13. CR 109   Pg 03855  Yr 1963-ID-Limitation on Federal Indebtedness
    14. CR 111   Pg 10016  Yr 1965-IL-Refund of Federal Taxes to States (continued to: Page 10017); See also:CR 113   Pg 17634  Yr 1967-IL (continued to: Page 17635)
    15. CR 111   Pg 25237  Yr 1965-OH-Refund of Federal Taxes to States; See also: CR 117   Pg 22280  Yr 1971
    16. CR 113   Pg 10117  Yr 1967-AL-Revenue Sharing (continued to: Page 10118)
    17. CR 113   Pg 11743  Yr 1967-GA-Revenue Sharing (continued to: Page 11744)
    18. CR 113   Pg 17634  Yr 1967-TX-Revenue Sharing
    19. CR 115   Pg 11986  Yr 1969-IA-Revenue Sharing (continued to: Page 11987)
    20. CR 115   Pg 24116  Yr 1969-FL-Revenue Sharing
    21. CR 116   Pg 06877  Yr 1970-TN-Taxation of Interest Paid on Obligations
    22. CR 116   Pg 11548  Yr 1970-VA-Taxation of Interest Paid on Obligations
    23. CR 116   Pg 22906  Yr 1970-LA-Taxation of municipal bonds; see also: CR 116   Pg 23765  Yr 1970-LA-Revenue Sharing
    24. CR 116   Pg 41879  Yr 1970-NJ-Revenue Sharing 
    25. CR 117   Pg 00541  Yr 1971-WV-Revenue Sharing (continued to: Page 00542)
    26. CR 117   Pg 03175  Yr 1971-DE-Revenue Sharing
    27. CR 117   Pg 04632  Yr 1971-SD-Revenue Sharing
    28. CR 117   Pg 05020  Yr 1971-MA-Revenue Sharing
    29. CR 117   Pg 11841  Yr 1971-ND-Revenue Sharing
    30. CR 117   Pg 16574  Yr 1971-OR-Revenue Sharing 
    31. CR 121   Pg 21065  Yr 1975-NV-Unconditional Federal Funds
    32. CR 122   Pg 16814  Yr 1976-OK-Unconditional Federal Funds
    33. CR 126   Pg 11389  Yr 1980-AZ-Unconditional Federal Funds
    34. CR 133   Pg 09736  Yr 1987-UT-Taxation on Debts
    35. POM 428   Pg S05350  Yr 1992-CO-Unconditional Federal Public Funds
    36. CR 139   Pg 14565  Yr 1993-MO-Limited Taxation
    Total Number of Applying States: 36--Convention Call Required. Year Required: 1987
    Miscellaneous Application Subjects

    This section contains applications which have been submitted by the states in which 10 or less states have submitted applications on that particular subject. As the number of applications is so small, addition of any general applications is reserved.

    Anti-Communism Amendment
    1. CR 111   Pg 15770  Yr 1965-MS-Anti-Communism Amendment
    2. CR 116   Pg 20672  Yr 1970-LA-Anti-subversion amendment (continued to: Page 20673)
    Clarification of Constitutional Provisions
    1. CR 097   Pg 06032 Yr 1951-CA- Clarification of Constitutional Provisions (continued to: Page 06033)
    Congressional Term Limits
    1. CR 135 Pg 05395  Yr 1989-SD-Congressional Term-Limits (continued to: Page 05396)
    2. State Constitution   Pg 02262   Yr 1996-NV-Congressional Term-Limits
    3. CRH_H6300_Yr_2016-FL-Term Limits; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2016/Memorial-201601-FL.pdf
    Constitutionality of 14th Amendment
    1. CR 105   Pg 04398  Yr 1959-AR-Constitutionality of 14th Amendment
    Direct Election of President, Vice President
    1. CR 067   Pg 00458  Yr 1925-WI-Direct Election of President, Vice President
    Federal Regulation of Hours and Wages
    1. CR 079   Pg 10814  Yr 1931-CA-Federal Regulation of Labor Hours and Wages
    Flag Desecration
    1. CR 137   Pg 08085  Yr 1991-GA-Flag Desecration (continued to: Page 08086)
    2. POM 175   Pg S08228  Yr 1993-MO-Flag Desecration
    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    CR 047   Pg 01872  Yr 1911-WI-Initiative, Referendum, Recall (continued to: Page 01873

    Limited Federal Government
    1. CRS_S4332_Yr_2014-FL- Impose financial restraints on federal government, limit the power and jurisdiction of the federal government, term limits (See also: CRH_H5830_Yr_2014) See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2014/Memorial-201401-FL.pdf
    2. CRS_S6021_Yr_2014-AK-Limited Federal Government (See also: CRS_S6094_Yr_2014 , continued: CRS_S6095_Yr_2014
    Limited Treaty Power
    1. CR 098   Pg 01057  Yr 1952-GA-Limiting Treaty Making Power
    2. CR 103   Pg 06472  Yr 1957-IN-Limited Treaty Making Power
    Limited World Federal Government
    1. CR 095   Pg 04568  Yr 1949-CA-Limited World Federal Government (continued to: Page 04569)
    2. CR 095   Pg 04571  Yr 1949-NJ-Limited World Federal Government
    3. CR 095   Pg 06586  Yr 1949-FL-Limited World Federal Government 
    4. CR 095   Pg 06587  Yr 1949-NC-Limited World Federal Government
    5. CR 095   Pg 07000  Yr 1949-FL-Limited World Federal Government
    6. CR 095   Pg 07686  Yr 1949-CT-Limited World Federal Government
    7. CR 095   Pg 07689  Yr 1949-CT-Limited World Federal Government
    8. CR 095   Pg 08285  Yr 1949-CT-Limited World Federal Government
    Line Item Veto
    1. CR 123   Pg 09289  Yr 1977-VA-Line Item Veto
    2. CR 123   Pg 22022  Yr 1977-TN-Line Item Veto; 3
    3. CR 130   Pg 14956  Yr 1984-AZ-Line Item Veto; See also: CR 130   Pg 15611  Yr 1984; CR 130   Pg 14344  Yr 1984; http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1984/Memorial-198401-AZ.pdf
    4. CR 132   Pg 04473  Yr 1986-SD-Line Item Veto (continued to: Page 04474)
    National Recovery Plan
    1. CR 084   Pg 00985  Yr 1939-OR-Townsend National Recovery Plan, General Welfare Act of 1937 (H.R.4199)
    Nullification
    1. Journal HR 022   Pg 00227  Yr 1832-GA-Nullification
    2. HRJ_H219 YR 1833-SC-Nullification (continued to Page 220)
    3. HRJ_H361_YR_1833-AL-Nullification (continued to Page 362)
    Repeal or Amend 18th Amendment
    1. CR 046   Pg ?????   Yr 1911-MA-Repeal of Prohibition;  2
    2. CR 075   Pg 00045  Yr 1931-MA-Repeal of 18th Amendment
    3. CR 075   Pg 00048  Yr 1931-NY-Repeal of 18th Amendment
    4. CR 075   Pg 00057  Yr 1931-WI-Repeal of 18th Amendment
    5. CR 075   Pg 00664  Yr 1931-MA-Repeal of 18th Amendment
    6. CR 075   Pg 03299  Yr 1932-NJ-Repeal of 18th Amendment
    Repeal of Citizen's United Supreme Court Ruling
    1. CRS_S4331_Yr_2014-VT- Limitation of influence of money in electoral process (See also: CRH_H6216_Yr_2014)  See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2014/Memorial-201401-VT.pdf
    2. CRH_H6814_Yr_2014-CA- Amendment relative to limitation of money in electoral process (AJR No. 1) (continued to: CRH_H6815_Yr_2014); (See also: CRS_S5507_Yr_2014) See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2014/Memorial-201401-CA.pdf
    3. CRS_S5562_Yr_2014-WV-Limitation of money in electoral process (continued to: CRS_S5563_Yr_2014)
    4. CRS_S652_Yr_2015-IL-Repeal of Citizen's United Ruling; See also: CRH_H639_Yr_2015_IL ; See also: CRH_H1035_Yr_2015_IL ; House Designation--2015-IL-First application designated by House as application for an Article V Convention call See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2015/Memorial-201501-IL.pdf
    5. New Jersey (December 14, 2015): Overturn Citizens United Supreme Court Decision; See also: CRH_H9205_Yr_2015-NJ; CRH_H9328_Yr_2015-NJhttp://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2015/Memorial-201501-NJ.pdf
    6. CRS_S071_Yr_2016-IL-Repeal of Citizen's United Ruling (continued to: CRS_S072_Yr_2016-IL)
    Pensions for Citizens
    1. CR 110   Pg 09875  Yr 1964-MA-Pensions for Citizens
    Posse Comitatus
    1. POM 329   Pg S03504  Yr 2008-LA-Posse Comitatus
    Popular Ratification Vote
    1. CR 060   Pg 00031  Yr 1920-LA-Popular Ratification Vote
    Presiding Officer of the Senate
    1. CR 118   Pg 11885  Yr 1972-FL-Presiding Officer of Senate
    Presidential Term Limits
    1. CR 089   Pg 02516  Yr 1943-IA-Presidential Term-Limits
    2. CR 089   Pg 02516  Yr 1943-IL-Presidential Term-Limits (continued to: Page 02517)
    3. CR 089   Pg 02944  Yr 1943-MI-Presidential Term-Limits
    4. CR 089   Pg 07525  Yr 1943-WI-Presidential Term-Limits
    School Attendance
    1. CR 116   Pg 05479  Yr 1970-LA-Attendance at Public Schools 
    2. CR 116   Pg 06097  Yr 1970-MS-Attendance at Public Schools; See also: CR 116   Pg 06221  Yr 1970;CR 116   Pg 06877  Yr 1970
    3. CR 117   Pg 41598  Yr 1971-MI-Attendance at Public Schools (continued to: Page 41599)
    4. CR 118   Pg 16214  Yr 1972-TN-Attendance at Public Schools
    5. CR 119   Pg 08089  Yr 1973-MS-Attendance at Public Schools; See also: CR 119   Pg 07282  Yr 1973; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197302-MS.pdf
    6. CR 119   Pg 10675  Yr 1973-VA-Attendance at Public Schools; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197302-VA.pdf
    7. CR 119   Pg 11515  Yr 1973-TX-Attendance at Public Schools; See also: CR 119   Pg 11446  Yr 1973; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-TX.pdf
    8. CR 119   Pg 14428  Yr 1973-OK-Attendance at Public Schools; See also: CR 119   Pg 14234  Yr 1973; CR 119   Pg 14421  Yr 1973; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-OK.pdf
    9. CR 119   Pg 17022  Yr 1973-NV-Attendance at Public Schools (continued to: Page 17023); See also: CR 119   Pg 16324  Yr 1973; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-NV.pdf
    10. Delaware--School Attendance; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-DE.pdf
    11. Alabama-- School Attendance; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-AL.pdf
    12. CR 121   Pg 27821  Yr 1975-KY-Attendance at Public Schools; See also: CR 121   Pg 29630  Yr 1975
    13. CR 122   Pg 09735  Yr 1976-MA-Attendance at Public Schools
    School Prayer
    1. CR 118   Pg 11445  Yr 1972-AZ-School Prayer; See also: CR 118   Pg 11885  Yr 1972
    2. CR 119   Pg 08689  Yr 1973-MS-School Prayer; See also: CR 119   Pg 08550  Yr 1973; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-MS.pdf
    3. CR_119_Pg_11446_Yr_1973- NJ-Voluntary School Prayer
    4. CR 119   Pg 14421  Yr 1973-MD-School Prayer
    Secular School Funding
    1. CR 119   Pg 12408  Yr 1973-MA-Secular School Funding (continued to: Page 12409); See also: CR 119   Pg 11835  Yr 1973; See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-MA.pdf; See also: Massachusetts--Secular School Funding 1974; See: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/1973/Memorial-197301-MA.pdf
    Single Subject Federal Law
    CRS_S4333_Yr-2014-FL- Single Subject Federal Law (See also: CRH_H5830_Yr_2014)  See also: http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorial-pdfs/2014/Memorial-201403-FL.pdf

    Validity of State Statutes
    1. CR 105   Pg 03220  Yr 1959-AL-Validity of State Statutes Not Expressly Declared Invalid in Federal Law


    NOTE:  LAST UPDATED ON 26-FEBRUARY-2017